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Title: Chitosan–Cross-Linked Nanofibrous Phbv Nerve Guide for Rat Sciatic Nerve Regeneration across a Defect Bridge
Journal: ASAIO Journal
Author: 1. Esmaeil Biazar, 2,3. Saeed Heidari Keshel
Year: 2013
Address: 1. Department of Biomaterial Engineering, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran 2. Student Research Committee, Proteomics Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran 3. Tissue Engineering Department, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: 651 ASAIO Journal 2013 The aim of this study was to produce a chitosan–cross-linked nanofibrous biodegradable poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co- 3-hydroxyvalerate) nerve conduit. The artificial nerve scaffold designed by electrospinning method and cross-linked with chitosan by chemical method. Afterwards, the scaffolds were evaluated by microscopic, physical, and mechanical analyses and cell culture assays with Schwann cells. The conduits were implanted into a 10 mm gap in the sciatic nerves of the rats. Four months after surgery, the regenerated nerves were evaluated by macroscopic assessments and histology. This polymeric conduit had sufficiently good mechanical properties to serve as a nerve guide. Cellular experiments showed a better cell adhesion, growth, and proliferation inside the cross-linked nanofibrous scaffolds compared with un–cross-linked ones, also Schwann cells well attached on chitosan–cross-linked nanofibrous surface. The in vivo results demonstrated that in the nanofibrous graft, the sciatic nerve trunk had been reconstructed with restoration of nerve continuity and formatted nerve fibers with myelination. This neural conduit appears to have the right organization for testing in vivo nerve tissue engineering studies.
Keywords: neural guide, electrospinning, chitosan–cross-linked nanofibrous PHBV, cell culture, histological assessments
Application: Tissue Engineering
Product Model 1: Electroris
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