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Title: Electrospun Nylon-66/5-(4-dimethylaminobenzyliden) rhodanine composite nanofibres for solid phase extraction of palladium ions from wastewater samples
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Author: 1. Tayebeh Shamspur, Ali Mostafavi, 1,2. Moslem Afzali
Year: 2019
Address: 1. Chemistry Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran 2. Young Research Society, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Abstract: In the present work, a simple procedure is presented for the extraction and determination of pre-concentrated trace amounts of palladium ions through solid phase extraction (SPE) and flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. This process was performed using Nylon-66/5-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) rhodanine composite nanofibres. These nanofibres were produced under optimised conditions via two-axial electrospinning technique and characterised by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The effect of experimental parameters including solution pH, the type and volume of eluent and contact time was investigated in extraction and desorption process. Under the optimised conditions, good linearity in the range of 0.07–8 μg L−1 and low detection limit of 0.015 μg L−1 were obtained. High enrichment factor of 187.5 and good relative standard deviation of ±2.2% at 5 μg L−1 of palladium had been achieved. The sorbent capacity for palladium adsorption was obtained 27 mg palladium per gram of nanofibres. So, the SPE was successfully applied to pre-concentrate and determine Pd(II) ions with flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer in real samples.
Keywords: Palladium, nanofibres, Nylon-66, electrospinning, solid phase extraction, flame atomic absorption, spectrophotometer
Application: Extraction, Water & Wastewater Treatment
Product Model 1: Electroris
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